Most currently known variants of Wing Chun date back to the martial arts artists Yip Man (1893-1972). The most famous sub-style is Wing Tsun. In ancient China, Wing Chun was provided flair from teacher to student in a familiar. The teacher (Shifu) had the personal responsibility for the overall education of his students. In Hong Kong, the first public schools then were founded at that time. Since then, Wing Chun lessons adopted the commercial and modern character. The philosophy of Wing Chun is based on Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.
Wing Chun utilizes the laws of physics. The strength of the attacker is redirected by the technique of the attacked so that the attacker becomes unable to fight. This is accomplished by shifting weight and by special techniques. Since extensive physical efforts are not needed, Wing Chun provides an optimal self-defense approach.
The main position in Wing Chun is called "Yee Jee Kim Yeung Ma". In the basic position, the Chi-Sao exercises are trained. In addition, the basic position provides the foundation for advanced techniques. One of these techniques for example is the chain punch. Depending on the attacked part of the body punches, finger stabs, karate chop or hammer fists are used in strokes. The strength of the opponent is neutralized by certain step techniques and then used against the aggressor.
Wing Chun originally was a martial art without weapons. In the 19th century, however, techniques evolved that have been carried out with long stick and double knives. In Europe there is no defined umbrella organization for Wing Chun, under which Wing Chun practitioners are organized. However, there is a large number of Wing Chun schools that are explicitly familiar with the effective self-defense teaching it.
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