Romantic in Literature
The early Romantics (1798-1804)
In the center of the early Romantic period was Jena. Philosophers, poets and scientists like the Schlegel brothers, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Humboldt, Novalis or Schiller lived in this small town with about 4,500 inhabitants, developing Jena to the most advanced intellectual center of Germany. August Wilhelm Schlegel particularly exerted a great influence on the spread of romantic thought. He translated the plays of Shakespeare and thus promoted the world´s literature. At this time, he also wrote his first literary journals, such as the "Athenaeum", in which they published their writings.
The High Romantic (1804-1818)
The so-called Heidelberg Romantic was a group of scholars and writers who lived in Heidelberg. Achim von Arnim and Clemens Brentano worked there on their edition of "Des Knaben Wunderhorn" and published the "Zeitung für Einsiedler". At that time, Joseph von Eichendorff was a student in the city and the Tuebingen poet Friedrich Hölderlin spent many productive years in Heidelberg. The Brothers Grimm with their fairy tales belonged to the "Heidelberg Circle" although they did not live there. They were in close contact with the local resident writers.
Late Romantic (1818-1835)
The Late Romantic period was also known as "Berlin Romantic". The midpoint of the late Romantic period was the "Salon of Rahel Levin Varnhagen". In this circle poets such as Ludwig Tieck, Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, Adam Muller, Bettina von Arnim and Friedrich de la Motte Fouque met. Here the Late Romantic´s elite discussed about their desire to themselves and their way to the inner. They were of the opinion that they can only find eternity with their worlds, the past and the future in themselves.
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