The term Art Deco was shaped on the "Exposition Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes" in 1925, a semi-annual in Paris Design exhibition. Origin was the Jugendstil. Modelled after the emergence of the arts-and-crafts movement in England in 1850, soon in other European countries a clearer understanding of art evolved. The Art Nouveau artists of the time took up the separation between the so-called high and applied art. The fields in the decoration design of tableware, furniture, graphics, jewellery and fashion brought slender and floral patterns on the market. Therefore, there was a new elegance and a renewed drive in painting, architecture and furniture design.
After the First World War Art Deco followed the Jugendstil. Nevertheless, the new style also took on numerous features from Art Nouveau. The Art Deco appears between the floral, twining forms of Art Nouveau and the strict, geometric elements of the International Functionalism, as developed, for example the Bauhaus or within the De Stijl. Main features of the art deco style were small lines, sharp edges, elegance and symmetry. In addition, design elements of the art of ancient Egypt and Greece played an important role. The colours were primary bright. In addition, geometric chiaroscuro contrasts were used. One commonly used precious and luxurious materials such as chrome, enamel, ebony, ivory, leather or silver. Most Art Deco designs were usually only produced in small numbers, whereas its simplicities were also used for mass production of less sophisticated products such as inexpensive costume jewellery, dishes, utensils or household goods.
The flow spread throughout the world from France. In the US, Art Deco reached its greatest artistic resonance. While the pompous art style in Europe was put a sudden end during the Second World War, the influence reached well into the 50's across in the United States. In the 60s and 70s, Art Deco experienced a renaissance in the hippie movement.
The glass works of Renè Lalique, the silver objects of Jean Puiforcat or the furniture by Pierre Chareau are unforgotten. Alternatively, the fabrics and textiles of Hélène Henry and the interior designs of Oliver Bernard are illustrative examples of the Art Deco style of the twenties and thirties.
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